I Samuel 2:1-10

“My heart exults in the Lord;
my strength is exalted in the Lord.
My mouth derides my enemies,
because I rejoice in your salvation.

2 “There is none holy like the Lord;
there is none besides you;
there is no rock like our God.
3 Talk no more so very proudly,
let not arrogance come from your mouth;
for the Lord is a God of knowledge,
and by him actions are weighed.
4 The bows of the mighty are broken,
but the feeble bind on strength.
5 Those who were full have hired themselves out for bread,
but those who were hungry have ceased to hunger.
The barren has borne seven,
but she who has many children is forlorn.
6 The Lord kills and brings to life;
he brings down to Sheol and raises up.
7 The Lord makes poor and makes rich;
he brings low and he exalts.
8 He raises up the poor from the dust;
he lifts the needy from the ash heap
to make them sit with princes
and inherit a seat of honor.
For the pillars of the earth are the Lord‘s,
and on them he has set the world.

9 “He will guard the feet of his faithful ones,
but the wicked shall be cut off in darkness,
for not by might shall a man prevail.
10 The adversaries of the Lord shall be broken to pieces;
against them he will thunder in heaven.
The Lord will judge the ends of the earth;
he will give strength to his king
and exalt the power of his anointed.”

Not sure I agree with Hannah’s theology completely, but I understand why she is saying all this. Let’s take it verse by verse

“My heart exults in the L-rd;
my strength is exalted in the L-rd.

Her G-d is the source of her strength. Because the L-rd acted on her behalf, her strength is brought to it’s full manifestation, out of her place of weakness and barrenness. She is plainly giving worship to G-d, who is responsible for her becoming pregnant.


My mouth derides my enemies,
because I rejoice in your salvation.

Because the L-rd has saved her from a place of shame, which was assigned those who were incapable of having children, she derides those who create adversity for her.

2 “There is none holy like the L-rd;
there is none besides you;
there is no rock like our G-d.

There is nothing comparable to G-d himself. There is no place of security as Him.

3 Talk no more so very proudly,
let not arrogance come from your mouth;
for the Lord is a God of knowledge,
and by him actions are weighed.

Pride has no place in the place of blessedness. She only was blessed to the fullest for two reasons. 1) G-d is good and great. 2) He gives grace to the humble.

4 The bows of the mighty are broken,
but the feeble bind on strength.

The position of the mighty and feeble are switched in the kingdom. G-d gives strength to the humble, and breaks the strength of the mighty.

5 Those who were full have hired themselves out for bread,
but those who were hungry have ceased to hunger.
The barren has borne seven,
but she who has many children is forlorn.

Again, circumstances are switched from the norm when G-d involves Himself.

6 The Lord kills and brings to life;
he brings down to Sheol and raises up.

G-d is sovereign over all life and all circumstances.

7 The Lord makes poor and makes rich;
he brings low and he exalts.

Again, see verses 5 and 6.

8 He raises up the poor from the dust;
he lifts the needy from the ash heap
to make them sit with princes
and inherit a seat of honor.
For the pillars of the earth are the L-rd‘s,
and on them he has set the world.

Again, sovereignty of G-d is Hannah’s message.

9 “He will guard the feet of his faithful ones,
but the wicked shall be cut off in darkness,
for not by might shall a man prevail.

He will guard the paths of His own, and His enemies will be brought to nothing but confusion. See Zechariah 4:6 for the last phrase. Not by might, nor by power, but by the Spirit of G-d.

10 The adversaries of the Lord shall be broken to pieces;
against them he will thunder in heaven.
The Lord will judge the ends of the earth;
he will give strength to his king
and exalt the power of his anointed.”

This is the best phrase in this whole passage. This is the bit that jumped out at me. I thought of the passage in Psalm 18 where it says that at the blast of His nostrils the foundations of the earth were laid bare. He is in complete control.

Against the He will THUNDER IN HEAVEN! That is the voice of the seven thunders, speaking from heaven, and HE THUNDERS to come to the defense of the helpless of His children against his adversaries. Indeed, if G-d is for us, who can be against us. Hannah speaks prophetically according to the Spirit of G-d that His might is demsontrated. This echos what we saw on Mt. Sinai in the Exodus. The mountain was covered in smoke, fire, ash, and peals of thunder and flashes of lightning.

For the second half of the verse, read Psalm 2, He will judge the nations of the earth and hold them in derision. He will break them in pieces like pottery (Psa 2:8).

Wow. This is the identity of the all-powerful G-d who changed Hannah’s circumstances, and he will do the same for us. Whatever our circumstances are, and our adversity. Whatever principality or power or authority or wickedness in heavenly places, G-d will be for us and deliver us, ande we can count on Him to thunder in heaven when the circumstances require it.

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